Depression is a serious illness that affects millions of lives. However, most people with depression do not know that they are suffering from a disorder, and the majority of those who do know will not seek treatment. Scientists and doctors do not truly understand the causes of depression, but doctors and therapists are able to recognize and treat distinct symptoms for a number of different forms of depressive disorders.
A number of factors cause depression. These include a combination of genetic, biological, environment and psychological elements. MRI technology has proven that depression affects the brain, especially the parts of it that are responsible for mood, thinking, sleep, appetite, and behavior. However, the proof does not explain why depression happens. To begin the diagnosis process contact Narconon Fresh Start to find a professional in your area.
Scientists are studying genetics to determine who is more prone to depression, and research indicates that DNA is certainly a factor when acting together with environmental and psychological elements. However, depression can also occur in patients that have no prior family history of the illness.
There are a number of signs and symptoms of depression. Some are more common, and others are more severe. Sadness, empty feelings, hopelessness, and pessimism are some of the more common. Fatigue, difficulty making decisions, insomnia, and thoughts of suicide are only some of the more severe.
A person with a depressive disorder can be suffering from any or all of these symptoms. The severity and duration of the symptoms depends on the individuals own personal situation.
Medication and psychotherapy are the most common treatments for depression. Doctors and therapists will prescribe one or both methods depending on the severity of the patient’s illness.
Antidepressant medication works on the chemicals in the brain called neurotransmitters. The medications attempt to control the release of neurotransmitters such as serotonin, norepinephrine, and dopamine. Monoamine oxidase inhibitors and tricyclic are older antidepressants, while SSRIs and SNRIs are newer and more popular medications.
There are two main types of psychotherapy for depression. The first is cognitive-behavioral therapy, or CBT, and the second is interpersonal therapy, or IPT. CBT helps patients restructure their negative thought patterns into more positive and productive thoughts. IPT helps patients understand the troubles depression causes in relationships.
Types of Depression
There are several forms of depressive disorders including major depression and persistent depression. Specific forms of depression include psychotic, postpartum, and seasonal affective disorder. Each type of depression is serious and requires professional treatment.